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3Apr/200

Sony HDR-AS100V Action Cam – Further Hacking

After a LOT of mucking around, trying to get a stream URL from the Action Cam, I did further googling on the defunct UStream service that the camera could, supposedly, stream live to. It wasn't long before I came across this mammoth thread on Github describing a few users' attempts to hack apart the APK that does the steaming and to fake a server with the intent to intercept the feed.

They use the Sony-PMCA-RE Project code to tweak settings on the camera and then built up an entire webserver to fake the Ustream service. None of this was beyond me, so I started by trying to work out if I could configure my camera to point at a server... (note that I've fudged any secrets in the console logs below...)

C:\Users\Steven\Downloads>pmca-console-v0.17-win.exe info -d libusb
Using drivers libusb-MSC, libusb-MTP
Looking for Sony devices

Querying mass storage device
Sony Camcorder is a camera in mass storage mode

Model:              HDR-AS100V
Product code:       0002426601
Serial number:      03035253
Firmware version:   2.00
GPS Data:           2020-04-02 00:00:00 - 2020-05-02 00:00:00
C:\Downloads>pmca-console-v0.17-win.exe stream -d libusb
Using drivers libusb-MSC, libusb-MTP
Looking for Sony devices

Querying mass storage device
Sony Camcorder is a camera in mass storage mode

twitterEnabled:     0
twitterConsumerKey: o9fJ2342342423433qg
twitterConsumerSecret: TTL4324234234234324324llM6EQdivTXesA
twitterAccessToken1:
twitterAccessTokenSecret:
twitterMessage:     Live Streaming from Action Cam by Sony
facebookEnabled:    0
facebookAccessToken:
facebookMessage:    Live Streaming from Action Cam by Sony
service:            0
enabled:            1
macId:
macSecret:
macIssueTime:       0000000000000000
unknown:            1
channels:           [0]
shortURL:
videoFormat:        1
supportedFormats:   [1, 3]
enableRecordMode:   1
videoTitle:         Recorded with Action Cam by Sony
videoDescription:   Shot 100% with Sony's Action Cam #SonyActionCam #ProveYourself
videoTag:
C:\Downloads>pmca-console-v0.17-win.exe updatershell -d libusb
Using drivers libusb-MSC, libusb-MTP
Looking for Sony devices

Querying mass storage device
Sony Camcorder is a camera in mass storage mode

Getting device info
Using firmware for model HDR-AS100V

Initializing firmware update
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\projects\sony-pmca-re\pmca-console.py", line 96, in <module>
  File "C:\projects\sony-pmca-re\pmca-console.py", line 82, in main
  File "C:\projects\sony-pmca-re\pmca\commands\usb.py", line 360, in updaterShellCommand
  File "C:\projects\sony-pmca-re\pmca\commands\usb.py", line 373, in firmwareUpdateCommandInternal
  File "C:\projects\sony-pmca-re\pmca\usb\sony.py", line 527, in checkGuard
  File "C:\projects\sony-pmca-re\pmca\usb\sony.py", line 501, in _sendWriteCommands
Exception: Firmware update error: Low battery
[9052] Failed to execute script pmca-console

Right... low battery... I charged it up and then tried again:

C:\Users\Steven\Downloads>pmca-console-v0.17-win.exe updatershell -d libusb
Using drivers libusb-MSC, libusb-MTP
Looking for Sony devices

Querying mass storage device
Sony Camcorder is a camera in mass storage mode

Getting device info
Using firmware for model HDR-AS100V

Initializing firmware update
Switching to updater mode

Waiting for camera to switch...
Please follow the instructions on the camera screen.

DSC04100

Cool, at this point the camera showed 'EXEC' on its LCD display. This kept flashing... and then the console app error'd out:

Operation timed out. Please run this command again when your camera has connected.

I pressed the record button on the back of the camera to try and force the 'EXEC' and it seemed to reboot. From here, it then wouldn't even come back to life. The battery charge light just stayed a fixed red, which I now think was an error indicator. After popping the battery out, I could get it back to the 'EXEC' screen via the console appm but it occurred to me that I actually had no idea what updater-shell even did. Instead I tried the stream fuction to push a UStream configuration file to the device as per the instructions here at Novex's project where he attempts to create his own UStream APK. Here's the config I used...

[
    [
        "twitterEnabled",
        0
    ],
    [
        "twitterConsumerKey",
        ""
    ],
    [
        "twitterConsumerSecret",
        ""
    ],
    [
        "twitterAccessToken1",
        ""
    ],
    [
        "twitterAccessTokenSecret",
        ""
    ],
    [
        "twitterMessage",
        "Live Streaming from Action Cam by Sony"
    ],
    [
        "facebookEnabled",
        0
    ],
    [
        "facebookAccessToken",
        ""
    ],
    [
        "facebookMessage",
        "Live Streaming from Action Cam by Sony"
    ],
    [
        "service",
        0
    ],
    [
        "enabled",
        1
    ],
    [
        "macId",
        "aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa"
    ],
    [
        "macSecret",
        "bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb"
    ],
    [
        "macIssueTime",
        "dbeaaaaa00000000"
    ],
    [
        "unknown",
        1
    ],
    [
        "channels",
        [
            12345678
        ]
    ],
    [
        "shortURL",
        "http://www.ustream.tv/channel/asdf"
    ],
    [
        "videoFormat",
        3
    ],
    [
        "supportedFormats",
        [
            1,
            3
        ]
    ],
    [
        "enableRecordMode",
        0
    ],
    [
        "videoTitle",
        "Recorded with Action Cam by Sony"
    ],
    [
        "videoDescription",
        "Shot 100% with Sony's Action Cam #SonyActionCam #ProveYourself"
    ],
    [
        "videoTag",
        ""
    ]
]

And then I smushed it into the camera using the console application...

C:\Downloads>pmca-console-v0.17-win.exe stream -w ustream.json -d libusb
Using drivers libusb-MSC, libusb-MTP
Looking for Sony devices

Querying mass storage device
Sony Camcorder is a camera in mass storage mode

Urrghh... what mode does it need to be in? Wait, is that even an error? Let's try use the buttons on the camera to switch it into Live mode...

DSC04105

Preparing?

DSC04103

No AP? Maybe it has no idea how to connect to a 5Ghz access point? Let's set it to my 2.4G secondary network, which nothing else uses, so I can isolate and watch any traffic. This took a little bit of hacking as the Sony Network Settings Utility needs the driver to be reverted back to USB Mass Storage. Jump in to Device Manager and force a driver 'update' back to the standard driver.

reset-to-usb-mass-storage

Now you can go into Network Settings and set your AP once more.

net-set-tool-1

wifi-connection incomplete-settings incomplete-settings-2

Note that it'll complain at the end that the settings are incomplete. Fortunately it still writes the AP configuration to the camera. After this, you'll have to switch back to the lib-usb driver and then re-upload the streaming settings.

remap-usb-driver-1 remap-usb-driver-2 remap-usb-driver-3

From here? Test! Unplug the camera and hit the Live mode again...

DSC04111

Auth Error? HDR-AS100V Official documentation indicates that this means it's failed to authenticate with UStream... makes sense to me! Can we hack my local network to make it auth to a fake server?

Network Setup for a Fake UStream Server

Since I want the raspi to be doing all the heavy lifting, I'm going to follow the instructions here at Luca Lanziani's project to set up a listener and a dns faker.

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ wget https://github.com/LucaLanziani/sony-camera-stream-receiver/archive/master.zip
--2020-04-03 16:01:51--  https://github.com/LucaLanziani/sony-camera-stream-receiver/archive/master.zip
Resolving github.com (github.com)... 13.237.44.5
Connecting to github.com (github.com)|13.237.44.5|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Location: https://codeload.github.com/LucaLanziani/sony-camera-stream-receiver/zip/master [following]
--2020-04-03 16:01:51--  https://codeload.github.com/LucaLanziani/sony-camera-stream-receiver/zip/master
Resolving codeload.github.com (codeload.github.com)... 52.63.100.255
Connecting to codeload.github.com (codeload.github.com)|52.63.100.255|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 3790 (3.7K) [application/zip]
Saving to: ‘master.zip’

master.zip                                  100%[===========================>]   3.70K  --.-KB/s    in 0s      

2020-04-03 16:01:51 (7.39 MB/s) - ‘master.zip’ saved [3790/3790]

It downloaded easy enough... let's see what's inside!

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ mv master.zip sony-camera-receiver.zip
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ unzip sony-camera-receiver.zip 
Archive:  sony-camera-receiver.zip
dd4b1170f9cdeaabc2cb68eccff6b7f63214abce
   creating: sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/
 extracting: sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/.gitignore  
  inflating: sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/README.md  
  inflating: sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/dns_server.js  
  inflating: sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/index.js  
  inflating: sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/package.json  
  inflating: sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/rtmp_server.js  
  inflating: sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/web_server.js  
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ cd sony-camera-stream-receiver-master/
pi@raspberrypi:~/sony-camera-stream-receiver-master $ ls
dns_server.js  index.js  package.json  README.md  rtmp_server.js  web_server.js

Cool, everything we need. Following the instructions, we first need to download all the supporting node libraries.

pi@raspberrypi:~/sony-camera-stream-receiver-master $ npm i
npm WARN npm npm does not support Node.js v10.15.2
npm WARN npm You should probably upgrade to a newer version of node as we
npm WARN npm can't make any promises that npm will work with this version.
npm WARN npm Supported releases of Node.js are the latest release of 4, 6, 7, 8, 9.
npm WARN npm You can find the latest version at https://nodejs.org/
npm notice created a lockfile as package-lock.json. You should commit this file.
npm WARN sony-cameras-stream-receiver@1.0.0 No repository field.

added 76 packages from 64 contributors in 17.452s

Cool, done. Now it's time to see if it'll actually run?

pi@raspberrypi:~/sony-camera-stream-receiver-master $ sudo node ./index.js --web.channel_number=12345678 --dns.external_ip=192.168.1.50
03/04/2020 16:09:24 16471 [INFO] Node Media Server v1.4.7
  dnsproxy:info we are up and listening at 192.168.1.50 on 53 +0ms
03/04/2020 16:09:24 16471 [INFO] Node Media Rtmp Server started on port: 1935
Server listening at http://0.0.0.0:80/
03/04/2020 16:09:26 16471 [INFO] There is a new version 2.1.6 that can be updated

Okey dokey.. it's up and running. The best thing we can do now is slap the new DNS server in our config and see what happens. After configuring my router and letting it reboot, nothing was resolving via .50. It seemed that .1 was still the DNS Server? I tried renewing my DHCP and flushing DNS, but nothing worked. Intead, I just hacked my local ethernet interface to point to .50 for DNS... woah! It works!

dhcp-1 dhcp-2 dhcp-3

But I can't hack the camera in the same way... so I need to work out why DHCP isn't giving me .50. I then realised I'd been reconfiguring my repeater and not my actual router!? I logged into .1 and set the DHCP configuration to have a Primary DNS of .50 and, well, shit just worked.

The camera still threw the Auth Error, so I totally disabled the DHCP on the repeater, because that really shouldn't be there, and rebooted the camera. Hitting the REC button on Live mode on the Action Cam then saw action on the raspi!

03/04/2020 16:58:47 16471 [INFO] [rtmp connect] id=SRMCPZ41 ip=::ffff:192.168.1.134 app=12345678 args={"app":"12345678","flashVer":"LNX 9,0,124,0","swfUrl":"http://www.ustream.tv/mobile.swf","tcUrl":"rtmp://api.ustream.tv/12345678","capabilities":1,"audioCodecs":1143,"videoCodecs":252,"videoFunction":1,"pageUrl":"http://www.ustream.tv","objectEncoding":0,"fpad":false}
03/04/2020 16:58:47 16471 [INFO] [rtmp publish] New stream. id=SRMCPZ41 streamPath=/12345678/broadcaster/live7665 streamId=1
03/04/2020 16:58:48 16471 [INFO] [rtmp publish] Handle video. id=SRMCPZ41 streamPath=/12345678/broadcaster/live7665 frame_type=1 codec_id=7 codec_name=H264 0x0
03/04/2020 16:58:48 16471 [INFO] [rtmp publish] Handle audio. id=SRMCPZ41 streamPath=/12345678/broadcaster/live7665 sound_format=10 sound_type=2 sound_size=1 sound_rate=3 codec_name=AAC 48000 2ch

03/04/2020 16:59:40 16471 [INFO] [rtmp connect] id=7YV3W0L2 ip=::ffff:192.168.1.121 app=12345678/broadcaster args={"app":"12345678/broadcaster","flashVer":"LNX 9,0,124,2","tcUrl":"rtmp://192.168.1.50:1935/12345678/broadcaster","fpad":false,"capabilities":15,"audioCodecs":4071,"videoCodecs":252,"videoFunction":1}
03/04/2020 16:59:40 16471 [INFO] [rtmp play] Join stream. id=7YV3W0L2 streamPath=/12345678/broadcaster/live7665  streamId=1

And then pointing VLC at rtmp://192.168.1.50/12345678/broadcaster/live7665 got me....

traiiiinnnnssss

Traaaaaiinnnsssss... Now to find the perfect angle. Note that you get an 'ONAIR' message on the LCD when it's ... on air.

DSC00001

Sure, not the best mounting... I'll work on that. I've also got a waterproof case for it that I'll need to hack a hole into to get the USB power through.

Productionising

Having the raspi be the DNS server is a little scary. But I suppose this is where secondary DNS servers come in? If we put 8.8.8.8 for the secondary, does it get used when the primary is down? Turns out it doesn't work that way, so I'll need to keep the raspi up and running 100% of the time!

C:\Users\Steven>ipconfig /all
Ethernet adapter Ethernet:
   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Intel(R) Ethernet Connection (2) I219-V
   Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 30-5A-3A-81-E1-1B
   DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
   Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
   IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.121(Preferred)
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.1
   DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.1
   DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.50
                                       8.8.8.8
   NetBIOS over Tcpip. . . . . . . . : Enabled
C:\Users\Steven>ipconfig /flushdns
Windows IP Configuration
Successfully flushed the DNS Resolver Cache.
C:\Users\Steven>nslookup google.com
DNS request timed out.
    timeout was 2 seconds.
Server:  UnKnown
Address:  192.168.1.50

DNS request timed out.
    timeout was 2 seconds.
DNS request timed out.
    timeout was 2 seconds.
DNS request timed out.
    timeout was 2 seconds.
DNS request timed out.
    timeout was 2 seconds.
*** Request to UnKnown timed-out

For some reason I really enjoy the spelling of 'UnKnown'. Regardless, the secondary has not kicked in! With this news, I suppose it'd be best to learn how to keep that service up and running 24/7 on the pi. Instead, I have decided to not even go ahead with this camera! It's wide-view fish-eye angle just isn't wide enough to get the trains close enough and the cityscape in the shot... I therefore don't see any advantage over my current camera.

So! A learning experience! For those who want to use a Sony Action Cam HDR-AS100V as a livestreaming camera, it's plausible!

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